Self-examination of the testicles

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Self-examination of the testicles

Post by ballbustingz7 on Sun Jan 24, 2016 12:33 am

200 Victorian men are diagnosed with testicular cancer each year. This rare form of cancer has a high cure rate and is more easily treated in its early stages, so it is important for men to recognize changes in their testicles.

It is recommended that you perform a testicular self-examination (TSE), even if you had testicular cancer or are being treated. This is because the cancer may develop in the other testicle.
Testicular cancer risk
All men should check their testicles regularly to become familiar with the usual feel of their testicles, so they know when there is a change.

Men who have a history of cryptorchidism at birth, or men who are infertile have a higher risk of testicular cancer. These men need to be vigilant and regularly examine their testicles for unusual lumps or swellings.
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Checking your testicles with self-examination of the testicles
TSE only takes a minute. You should aim to perform TSE about once every four weeks or more. Pick a day that is easy to remember, as the first day of each calendar month.

If you have been treated for testicular cancer, you should always consider the latest testicle because you have one chance in 25 chance of developing cancer in the testis also. Consult your doctor for more information or instructions on TSEs, and for the rapid diagnosis bumps or swelling of the testicles.
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Testicular anatomy
The testicular anatomy includes:

testicle - small, oval sexual gland that produces sex hormones and sperm. Another term for testicle testicle
epididymis - a series of small tubes attached to the back of the testicle that collect and store sperm. The epididymis connects to a larger tube called the vas deferens
scrotum - the bag of skin that contains the testicles. Sperm production needs a temperature of about 4 � C lower than the body, which is why testes are located outside the body into the scrotum.

What to expect when performing self-examination of testicles
Become familiar with the look and shape of your testicles; this will help you notice any abnormalities.

The characteristics of healthy testicles include:

Each testicle feels like a smooth and firm egg.
A testicle tends to hang lower than the other.
A testicle may be slightly larger than the other.
There is no pain or discomfort when the testicles and scrotum are treated gently.

How to perform self-examination of the testicles
Generally, the procedure comprises:

Make sure your scrotum is warm and relaxed. You may like to perform TSE after showering or bathing.
It can help TSE in front of the mirror, so that you can see and feel what you are doing.
Check testicular first, then the other.
Gently roll the testicle using the fingers and thumbs of both hands.
Feel along the underside of the scrotum to find the epididymis that is located at the back of the testicle. It should feel like a small pile of well-curled tubes.
Perform TSE on the other testicle.

TSE should not be painful or uncomfortable. If you experience discomfort, try to be more gentle.

The symptoms of testicular cancer and self-examination of the testicles
The symptoms of testicular cancer include a testicular mass that is usually painless (about one in 10 are painful), a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum, and persistent pain in the affected testicle.

You must be aware of anything unusual, such as:

a lump or swelling in the testicle or himself
change in testicular size
shape change testicles
change in consistency or feel the testicle.

Testicular conditions other than cancer
It is important to remember that testicular cancer is relatively rare, so do not panic if you find a lump or anything else that seems unusual. Consult your physician for rapid diagnosis.

Some non-cancerous conditions that can affect the testes include:

cyst - a benign but abnormal collection of fluid
varicocele - varicose veins. About eight percent of men have varicose veins in the scrotum
haematocele - a blood clot caused by trauma or injury to the testicles or scrotum
epididymo-orchitis - infection of the epididymis, testicle or both that causes inflammation and pain. Treatment includes antibiotics
testicular torsion - cord that connects the testicle twisting of the body and the blood supply cut. This extremely painful conditions need emergency medical care
cryptorchidism - either one or both testicles in the scrotum are missing and instead are housed inside the lower abdomen. Premature and low-weight newborn boys are more likely to cryptorchidism. This condition is known to increase the risk of testicular cancer later in life.

Where to get help

Your doctor
Andrology Australia Tel. 1300 303 878

What you must remember

The testicular self-examination (TSE) only takes a minute and can help to detect anomalies.
Be familiar with the look, feel and shape of your testicles will help you notice any changes early.
Consult your physician for rapid diagnosis of all lumps or swelling of the testicles.


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